Was Quaid-e-Azam a secular being?
Who is a secular? Oxford Dictionary defines secular as one who is “not connected with religious or spiritual matters”
Let us analyse Quaid-e-Azam’s character in the light of this definition. In this context, nothing could be more authentic than Jinnah’s own confession about his faith. On August 6, 1939, he said: “I was born Muslim; I am a Muslim and shall die a Muslim.” On another occasion he said: “I am no Maulana or a Maulvi but I also know a little of my faith” This clearly tells he was NOT a secular character by any definition of ‘secularism’.
Pakistan’s emergence was not just the emergence of a new state, but it was created on the basis ofIslamic ideology. He did not plead tirelessly for the Muslim cause merely as an honest lawyer or merely for the sake of sympathy with the fellow Muslims. But he was truly close to the essence of Islam in all moral, spiritual and political values. Had he not been so, why did his words depict a true picture of Islam? Why does his character deeply associate to great charcters as represented by Islam? Quaid’s support for Muslims of the subcontinent, and the demand for Pakistan was an expression of his deepest emotions for the political and cultural identity, whose roots were embedded in the State of Madina founded by the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) and the Khulafa-e-Rashideen.
Yet after 63 years, unfortunately people of Pakistan are heavily confused about the character of their founding father. Even today they have no clear idea about the nature of Pakistan. Is it meant to be a religious state? An Islamic democratic welfare state? An Islamic social welfare state? Was it supposed to be a socialist republic? A liberal secular parliamentary democracy patterned after the Westminster model? Or is it supposed to be a straightforward dictatorship? While addressing the Karachi Bar Association in January 25, 1948, the Quaid-i-Azam said:
“I cannot understand the logic of those who have been deliberately and mischievously propagating that the Constitution of Pakistan will not be based on Islamic Shariat. Islamic principles today are as much applicable to life as they were 1300 years ago.”
Where does the term “Islamic Shariat” exist in secularism? Here, Quaid-e-Azam crystal clearly declared, how his personality was, his deep affection to Islam and his desire to see Pakistan as an Islamic State.
Further, In 1946, Quaid-e-Azam declared
‘We do not demand Pakistan simply to have a piece of land but we want a laboratory where we could experiment on Islamic principles.
In his message to the frontier Muslim Students Federation, he said:
Pakistan only means freedom and independence but Muslims ideology which has to be preserved which has come to us a precious gift and treasure and which we hope, others will share with us. (Address on 18th June 1945)
He had complete knowledge of the convents of Islam and was well acquainted with the prayer rituals. To dub Quaid-i-Azam as secular or that he wanted Pakistan to be a secular state is only an attempt to further confuse the quagmire of political thinking already prevalent in the country. On learning the life of Quaid-e-Azam, one comes to learn about the spirit of Islam that was prevelant in all aspects of his life. After learning this, how can one tag him as a secular character? Either the person is mentally dumb or either the person is simply anti-Islam.
Quaid-e-Azam r.a and Madr-e-Millat Muhtarma Fatimah Jinnah r.a
It must be understood that Pakistan was established on the basis of ‘Muslim nationhood’ and to safeguard the social, economic and political existence of the Muslims of the subcontinent which can only be satisfied under the flag of Islamic State.
Quaid and Millat-e-Islamia:
The word Islam is derived from the word “Salama”, which means Peace, Safety, Security and Submission. When we look at some of the fundamental aspects of the Islamic culture, we can easily understand that the nature of Islam is peace. These are exactly the fundamentals on which Quaid-e-Azam desired to build up the building of Islamic Pakistan. On 5th March, 1948 he quoted:
“No doubt, there are many people who do not quite appreciate when we talk of Islam. Islam is NOT only a set of rituals, traditions and spiritual doctrines. Islam is also a code for every Muslim, which regulates his life and his conduct in even politics and economics and the like. It is based upon highest principles of honour, integrity, fair play and justice for all.”
“Come forward as servants of Islam, organize the people economically, socially, educationally and politically and I am sure that you will be a power that will be accepted by everybody.”
Quaid-e-Azam emphasized on the Islamic ideology as being the basis of the struggle for Pakistan because he believed that only Islam was the unifying force of the Muslim Millat. He said:
What relationships knits the Muslims into one whole, which is the formidable rock on which the Muslim edifice has been erected, which is the sheet anchor providing base to the Muslim Millat, the relationship, the sheet anchor and the rock is Holy Quran.
We should now, get rid of this illusionary concept that Quaid-e-Azam wanted Pakistan as a secular state. Pakistan was meant to be a state based on complete Islamic principles. By denying this fact, you simply wrong the purpose of creating Pakistan. For some reason this sacred land was name “PAKistan”. For some reason it was carved out on the world map on (Laylatul-Qadr) 27th Ramadan. For some reason it’s capital is “ISLAMabad”. These all are not just co-incidences. For some reason we were blessed with the fascinating personality of Allama Iqbal which stood by Quaid, made him gain optimism, made him Quaid-e-Azam from Muhammed Ali Jinnah. For some reason this sacred land gave rise to excellent character like Qudrat-ullah Shahab. For some reason unique personalties like Dr. Iffat Shahab, Mumtaz Mufti, Ashfaq Ahmed, Naseem Hijazi, Bano Qudsiya and many more were blessed to this land. These are secrets of Allah. Not everyone can see with the divine light.